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Simple way to import and export collections in MongoDB

  A simple command will help to import and export collections in mongoDB. Export/Dump Collections in MongoDB: mongodump -d <database_name> -o <directory_backup> The above command will dump all the collections in the defined directory. eg: if your database name is awesome_db and you selected the my_db_backup as backup directory then you need run below command: mongodump -d awesome_db  -o my_db_backup If your db has authentication enabled then pass -u <username> -p <press enter> with the above command. Import/Restore Collection in MongoDB: mongorestore -d <database_name> <directory_backup> Similarly this command will restore the collections in the mongodb database.  for eg: mongodump -d awesome_db -o my_db_backup pass the authentication -u <username> -p <press enter> if your mongodb has authentiction. 

How to Setup Virtual Environment in Python with venv

A virtual environment is the most used tool by the developers to isolate the dependencies for different projects. Suppose you have two projects say porj1 and proj2 . proj1 needs the Django dependency with version 3.2 but your proj2 needs the Django dependency with version 2.2. In this situation you need a virtual environment to keep the both version on your system separately.  How to create virtual environment in python:  Decide a directory where you want to create the virtual environment. You can use your project directory or any other directory as per your wish.  Run the below command. Here` awesome_proj_env ` is the folder where virtual environment will be created. if the folder does not exists then it will be created automatically. python3 -m venv awesome_proj_env    Activate the virtual environment: On Linux/Mac OSX: source awesome_proj_env/bin/activate  On Windows: awesome_proj_env \Scripts\activate.bat Deactivate the virtual environment in Python: type " deactivate "

Python Language Basics - 2

Slice string in python: details= "Akshay Kumar" # details[:6] and details[0:6] will give same result print(details[: 6 ]) # OUTPUT: Akshay # details[20:] and details[20:34] will give same result print(details[ 20 :]) # OUTPUT: # -1 denotes the reverse order print(details[ 11 ::- 1 ]) #OUTPUT: ramuK yahskA # Here -9 denotes the count from the end of the string print(details[:- 9 :- 1 ]) #OUTPUT: em.atpug #Both syntax gives the same result for reversing the string print(details[- 1 ::- 1 ]) #OUTPUT: em.atpugyahska--atpuG ramuK yahskA print(details[::- 1 ]) #OUTPUT: em.atpugyahska--atpuG ramuK yahskA Format print in python: print( "hi, My name is {} and I am a {}. I like {}." .format( "Akshay" , "Software Engineer" , "python" )) In the above print statement, "{}" refers to the placement of the values given in "format()" function. First value in the order "format()"

Nudge Notes - Python Language Basics

  1. Datatypes in Python: None Numeric float -> 1.5 int -> 5 complex -> 2+5j bool -> True/false Sequence List -> [3,5,6,7,1] Tuple -> (3,5,6,7,1) Set -> {3,5,6,7,1} String -> "Akshay" Range  range(5) -> range(0, 5)  list(range(5)) -> [0,1,2,3,4] list(range(2,10,2)) -> [2,4,6,8] Dictonary product_price = {'book': 50, 'pen': 300, 'eraser': 10}  product_price.get('book') -> 50 2. Number Conversion in Python bin( 28 ) -> 0b 11100 oct( 28 ) -> 0o 34  hex( 28 ) ->  0x 1c 3. Swap two numbers in Python           a = 5       b = 6 Method #1:             a, b = b, a Method #2            a = a + b         b = a - b         a = a - b 4. "math" module in python     import math math.sqrt(25) -> 5.0 math.floor(2.5) -> 2.0 math.ceil(2.5) -> 3.0 math.pow(2, 3) -> 8.0 math.pi -> 3.141592653589793 math.e -> 2.718281828459045 5. How to import a module in python import math import math as

Cloud Computing - Virtualization

Virtualization: Hosting all of a physical machine's hardware and software components independently on a single or shared hardware resource. In virtualization, we can run multiple operating systems on a single machine at the same time. In the case of dual-boot, we can run an OS at a time. Virtual Machine: VM is the set of virtual hardware devices, virtual RAM and virtual CPU that run like a traditional operating system. Virtual Server: It is also a virtual machine running as a server. It can run one or possibly more server-based application. This server may be a database or messaging or anything else. VMM (Virtual Machine Monitor): VMM consists of multiple virtual machines top of the hypervisor to handle all the VMs. Hypervisor: Hypervisor consists of multiple VMs and communicates with the real hardware to provide the resources to the available virtual machines. It controls all the physical resources on the computer. two types of the hypervisor exist as shown in the below diagram.

Basics of Java Programming - Part 2

  What is Constructor in Java? A constructor is a member method Should have same name as class name It will never return anything It will use to allocate memory.  class ConstructorExample { int x ; String y ; public ConstructorExample() { //constructor can be used to initialize default values for variables x = 5; y = "Hello World" ; } //parameterize Constructor public ConstructorExample( int k , String str ) { //constructor can be used to initialize default values for variables x = k ; y = str ; } } class inside a class(Inner Class) class Outer { int i ; class Inner { public void show() { System. out .println( "Method inside inner class" ); } } static class InnerStatic { public void show() { System. out .println( "Method inside static inner class" );